Pecteilis’ native range is Nepal to S. China and Malesia, New Guinea (Waigeo Island). Its natural habitat is the mountain areas, very humid and exposed to the sun, where it grows at an altitude of about 1500 meters. It is now very rare in nature, and is rarely found even in cultivation. Pecteilis is medium sized, erect, cold growing terrestrial with small, ovoid or ellipsoid tubers with an erect, stem carrying 3 to 7, 5-17 cm in length leaves. It blooms in the Summer carrying 1 to 3 showy flowers. The flowers are 3 cm in diameter. Light: This species requires direct sun. Pecteilis needs a light level of 50000-70000 lux. Temperature: During the growth phase this species accepts summer temperatures if they do not rise above 27 ° C. The best results are obtained with 25-26 ° C during the day and 19-20 ° C at night. During the rest period temperatures from 1 ° C to 10 ° C, which must drop below 0 ° C. Humidity: Pecteilis comes from very humid environments, so it needs 55-70%. Substrate, growing media and repotting: Pecteilis is grown exclusively in pots. As a substrate there are two choices: 1) the sphagnum peat + perlite + sand (1: 1: 1), 2) live sphagnum. The best results come with the first choice. As a pot it is better to choose one, which allows the roots to stay cooler during the hot months. This species is grown only outdoors, in a sunny position, with direct sun rays coming in. In winter the plants are left in the same pot and in the same substrate where they spent the Summer. At the beginning of Spring, when nighttime temperatures start to exceed 13 ° C, the tubers are removed from the pots, the depleted ones are thrown away while the good ones are planted in the old substrate. The good tubers are those that matured in the previous season. They can be recognized by the color – they are lighter, and by the turgidity – they are hard. Watering: When the tuber is planted in the Spring, it does not have any leaves, so the watering is regular, but not abundant. The substrate must remain moist, but not wet. From first rains of April, the watering becomes more frequent, until the stem begins to turn yellow in the Autumn, this species is watered frequently and abundantly. The substrate must never become dry. Fertilizer: This orchid is fertilized lightly and infrequently only during the growing period, using 5 drops of the liquid fertilizer for orchids per 1 liter of water. It has very sensitive roots to the presence of mineral salts, so the amount of the fertilizer must be very little. From May to August the feeding should take place every 3 weeks. In August plants begin dormancy. It is a good practice once in awhile to rinse with demineralized water. Rest period: When Pecteilis enters the resting phase, the watering is reduced so the substrate must remain only slightly wet. This is achieved by spraying from time to time only the surface of the substrate. The young tubers must spend the Winter, in cool temperatures – from 1 ° C to 10 ° C in dryer, but not completely dry conditions. In the Spring young tubers will produce new plants. Cultural information should only be used as a guide, and should be adapted to grower’s physical location, where the plants are grown, how much time is devoted to their care, and many other factors. Use Pecteilis susannae is a showy orchid and occasionally is seen in cultivation. The tubers are eaten by forest tribes and by wild pigs. In India they are also used as a cure for bleps or bullae, especially on the palm of the hand (Chopra et al. 1969).